How popular are electric cars in Europe?

Despite the thoughts and imaginations of electric cars as vehicles of the future, or at least related to the modern era, their first ancestor is leading back to the last decade of the 19th century. It was built by William Morrison of Des in Iowa, and it was definitely more like a wagon than any kind of future generation miracle.

100 years later, more precisely in the mid-1990s, the concept of the modern electric car for mass production was set. It was an EV1, directly from the General Motors factory. However, back then mass production was still an impossible mission, having in mind that these cars were reserved for wealthy people. 

Since then, the popularity and affordability of electric cars increased proportionally. According to Forbes, the global sales of electric vehicles increased for 160% only in the first half of 2021 from a year earlier. Some predictions state that it will increase even drastically by 2023. As per Global Economic Forum, the number of electric cars sold has grown for 30% every year, in the last decade. 

It is no secret that their growing number is directly connected with the climate changes and actions of some countries in reducing the toxic gas emissions. 

When it comes to Europe, electric cars are being bought at a record pace, even more than in China. Probably the most important reason for this are the subsidies from governments, because these cars are still more expensive than those using fuel. Also, consumers are encouraged by dozens of new models on the market. 

However, not all electric cars are the same. Some of them are using motors based on a battery and these are called EVs. The most popular of them is Tesla. The other type, called PHEVs, combine electricity and fuel and they are the most popular in Europe with an approximate number of 3,26 millions vehicles. They can be charged on regular plug-ins stations. And the third group are hybrids – with the similar motor as PHEVs, but without possibility to charge on regular plug-ins. 

European Union had set a goal that until 2050, all passenger vehicles should be electrical. According to Euronews, different car producers will need different time to achieve this goal. For example, Hyundai is aiming for full electrification by 2040. The officials from Honda believe the same, but on the other hand, those from Ford are hoping to achieve it by 2030. 

In 2020 Germany was the leading country in Europe when talking about electric cars, with around 700 000 plug-ins cars. Norway had the highest share of them in new passenger car sales – 74,8%. The second is Iceland and the third place belongs to Sweden, with the Netherlands after them. 

It is important to know that these cars will not be a possibility in the future, but an obligation. Fuel is not going to last forever, which is more than obvious nowadays. Because of that, governments, especially those from developed countries like the EU, are pumping subsidies into buying electric cars. However, even with that, these cars are still more expensive options which are leading to the conclusion that something will need to change if having a car is not tending to become a privilege.

 

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