People and communities are the true foundation of our cities


Cities of the future will need planning, technology, innovation and design, which we talk about every day. But we should never forget the real reason cities exist and why we choose to stay in them. It’s not the buildings, the services, the economy or the landmarks – it’s the people that live in them, and the communities we build together.


Community building is a critical aspect of modern urban life that involves the creation and strengthening of social bonds and relationships among the residents of a city. The process of community building is essential in promoting a sense of belonging and cohesion among city dwellers and creating a sense of place that is vital for the well-being and stability of a city.


One of the key challenges of modern cities is the fragmentation and isolation that often result from the fast-paced, highly mobile and diverse nature of urban life. This can lead to a lack of community spirit, low levels of trust and civic engagement, and a lack of social cohesion. Community building is, therefore, a crucial step in addressing these challenges and promoting a sense of belonging and connectedness among city dwellers.


In modern cities, community building takes many forms and can involve a wide range of activities and initiatives. Some common examples include community events and festivals, neighbourhood associations and volunteer groups, community gardens and public spaces, and cultural and recreational programs. These activities and initiatives are designed to bring people together and encourage them to engage with one another, form new relationships and strengthen existing ones, and create a sense of place and identity for the community.


For city authorities, it can be as simple as planning key infrastructure with multiple purposes in mind, such as Vilnius constructing a kindergarten with a swimming pool which can also be used for other events outside working hours. Sometimes it simply means inviting members of the community to come together and propose new ideas, giving them a sense of pride and ownership of a project which has visibly improved their city.


For some cities, such as Riga, it means investing more effort into integrating migrants and refugees into existing communities, or it could also mean making sure residents with disabilities or low-income citizens are not left out of the city’s communal spaces and events.


Public healthcare projects can also help build communities, such as promoting physical activity for senior residents in Stuttgart, or promoting sports as means to improve mental health of citizens in Utrecht. Such programs also bring people together, allow them to engage in a joint activity, help them connect and expand their network of residents they know and care about.


One of the key benefits of community building is that it fosters social cohesion and a sense of belonging. When people feel connected to their community and have a sense of identity and place, they are more likely to feel a sense of pride in their neighbourhood and city, and be more engaged in local affairs. This can result in increased levels of trust and cooperation among residents, and a greater sense of responsibility for the well-being of the community as a whole.


Another important benefit of community building is that it can help to address social and economic inequalities. By creating opportunities for residents to come together and engage with one another, community building can help to bridge social and cultural divides, and promote greater understanding and respect between different groups of people. This can help to reduce tensions and conflicts and create a more inclusive and equitable community.


Furthermore, community building can also help to address environmental issues by promoting greater environmental awareness and stewardship among residents. For example, community gardens and public spaces can provide opportunities for residents to learn about and experience the natural environment, and become more involved in local environmental initiatives. This can help to build a sense of connection and responsibility for the local environment, and promote greater awareness and action on environmental issues.


However, despite the many benefits of community building, there are also several challenges that must be addressed in order to create successful and sustainable communities. One of the key challenges is the need to engage and involve residents in the process of community building, particularly those who may be marginalised or disadvantaged. This can require significant effort and resources, and may involve the development of targeted programs and initiatives that are designed to reach these groups.


Another challenge is the need to ensure that community building initiatives are sustainable over time, and do not simply fade away once funding or support is withdrawn. This requires careful planning and management, and a focus on building the capacity of local organisations and community groups to sustain their activities and initiatives.


Community building is an essential aspect of modern urban life that plays a critical role in promoting social cohesion, addressing inequalities, and creating a sense of place and identity for city dwellers. By bringing people together and encouraging them to engage with one another, community building can help to create vibrant, inclusive and sustainable communities that are better equipped to address the challenges and opportunities of modern urban life. However, to be effective, community building initiatives must be well-planned, well-supported, and designed to engage and involve residents from all walks of life.